Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP)
Provides more than $1 billion for states and urban areas to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism and other threats.
State Homeland Security Program (SHSP)—provides $402 million to support the implementation of risk-driven, capabilities-based State Homeland Security Strategies to address capability targets. States are required to dedicate 25 percent of SHSP funds to law enforcement terrorism prevention activities. The SHSP assists state, tribal and local preparedness activities that address high-priority preparedness gaps across all core capabilities and mission areas where a nexus to terrorism exists. SHSP supports the implementation of risk driven, capabilities-based approaches to address capability targets set in urban area, state, and regional Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (THIRAs). The capability targets are established during the THIRA process, and assessed in the State Preparedness Report (SPR) and inform planning, organization, equipment, training, and exercise needs to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism and other catastrophic events.
The State Administrative Agency (SAA) is the only entity eligible to apply to FEMA for SHSP funds. Eligible applicants include all 56 states and territories, which includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The allocation methodology for FY 2016 SHSP is based on two factors: minimum amounts as legislatively mandated, and DHS’ risk methodology. Each state and territory will receive a minimum allocation under SHSP using the thresholds in the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended. All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico will receive 0.35 percent of the total funds allocated for grants under Section 2003 and Section 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended. Four territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) will receive a minimum allocation of 0.08 percent of the total funds allocated for grants under Section 2003 and Section 2004 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended.
- Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI)—provides $580 million to enhance regional preparedness and capabilities in 29 high-threat, high-density areas. States and Urban Areas are required to dedicate 25 percent of UASI funds to law enforcement terrorism prevention activities.
- Operation Stonegarden (OPSG)—provides $55 million to enhance cooperation and coordination among local, tribal, territorial, state and federal law enforcement agencies to jointly enhance security along the United States land and water borders.
Tribal Homeland Security Grant Program (THSGP)—provides $10 million to eligible tribal nations to implement preparedness initiatives to help strengthen the nation against risk associated with potential terrorist attacks and other hazards.
The FY 2016 THSGP is one tool among a comprehensive set of initiatives authorized by Congress and implemented by the Administration to help strengthen the Nation against risks associated with potential terrorist attacks. THSGP supports the building, sustainment and delivery of core capabilities to enable tribes to strengthen their capacity to prevent, protect against, mitigate, respond to, and recover from potential terrorist attacks and other hazards.
1. Per 6 U.S.C. § 601(4), the term "directly eligible Tribe" means –any Indian Tribe –hat is located in the continental United States;
2. that operates a law enforcement or emergency response agency with the capacity to respond to calls for law enforcement or emergency services;
a. that is located on or near (50 miles) an international border or a coastline bordering an ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico) or international waters;
b. that is located within 10 miles of a system or asset included on the prioritized critical infrastructure list established under section 210E(a)(2) [of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by Section 1001 of the 9/11 Act] or has such a system or asset within its territory;
c. that is located within or contiguous to one of the 50 most populous metropolitan statistical areas in the United States; or
d. the jurisdiction of which includes not less than 1,000 square miles of Indian country, as that term is defined in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code; and
i. that certifies to the Secretary that a State has not provided funds under section 2003 [UASI] or 2004 [SHSP] [of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended by Section 101 of the 9/11 Act] to the Indian Tribe or consortium of Indian Tribes for the purpose for which direct funding is sought; and
e. a consortium of Indian Tribes, if each Tribe satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (A). In summary, eligible tribes met the requirements set forth in (A) (i), and (A) (ii), and (A) (iv). Tribes must also meet one of the requirements set forth in (A) (iii); either (A) (iii) (a), or (A) (iii) (b), or (A) (iii) (c), or (A) (iii) (d)
f. Finally, (B) may also be satisfied, if each Tribe satisfies the requirements of subparagraph (A). In (A)(iii)(a), above, “near” an international border or a coastline means within 50 miles of an international border or coastline, and “coastline bordering…international waters” does not include the coastline of the Great Lakes.
FY 2016 THSGP funds are allocated based on two factors: Eligibility as defined the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended, and self-certification by the applicant; and Effectiveness: the score of the applicant’s THSGP Investment Justification (IJ), as determined through a peer review process. With respect to the effectiveness criteria, THSGP IJs are evaluated through a peer review process for completeness, adherence to programmatic guidelines and the anticipated effectiveness of each proposed Investment.